Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is the term used to describe a condition that affects development of an individual across their lifespan.
Social communication, restricted interests and behaviours and sensory processing differences are the main areas of development affected.
The term ‘spectrum’ is used to indicate that no two people with autism are the same. The differences depend on the combinations of social ability, communication level, cognitive ability (IQ), age, personality and many other factors.
This is why it is important to ensure that support and intervention is individualised to get the best possible outcomes and get the most out of life.
Each person on the spectrum is unique and has both strengths and difficulties. Helping someone with autism begins with acceptance, knowledge and understanding of autism and the individual.
How do we help?
- Use clear and simple language
- List events sequentially
- Give one instruction at a time
- Take time to listen and communicate
- Warn of changes or transitions
- Simplify the environment where possible
- Offer a quiet space